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The Phaistos Disc (also spelled Phaistos Disk, Phaestos Disc) is a disk of fired clay from the Minoan palace of Phaistos on the island of Crete, possibly dating to the middle or late Minoan Bronze Age (second millennium B. Its purpose and meaning, and even its original geographical place of manufacture, remain disputed, making it one of the most famous mysteries of archaeology. The disk is about 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter and covered on both sides with a spiral of stamped symbols.This unique object is now on display at the archaeological museum of Heraklion.
This grouping of four rooms also served as a formal entry into the palace complex.Italian archaeologist Luigi Pernier recovered this remarkably intact "dish", about 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter and uniformly slightly more than 1 centimetre (0.39 inches) in thickness, on 3 July 1908 during his excavation of the first Minoan palace.It was found in the main cell of an underground "temple depository".These basement cells, only accessible from above, were neatly covered with a layer of fine plaster.Their content was poor in precious artifacts, but rich in black earth and ashes, mixed with burnt bovine bones. The inscription was apparently made by pressing pre-formed hieroglyphic "seals" into the soft clay, in a clockwise sequence spiraling toward the center of the disk. The unique character of the Phaistos Disc stems from the fact that the entire text was inscribed in this way, reproducing a body of text with reusable characters. If the disc is, as assumed, a textual representation, we are really dealing with a "printed" text, which fulfills all definitional criteria of the typographic principle.
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In the northern part of the main cell, in the same black layer, a few inches south-east of the disc and about 20 inches (51 centimetres) above the floor, Linear A tablet PH 1 was also found. Best suggests a date in the first half of the fourteenth century B. The German typesetter and linguist Herbert Brekle, in his article "The typographic principle" in the Gutenberg-Jahrbuch, argues that the Phaistos Disc is an early document of movable type printing, since it meets the essential criteria of typographic printing, that of type identity: An early clear incidence for the realization of the typographic principle is the notorious Phaistos Disc (ca. The spiral sequencing of the graphematical units, the fact that they are impressed in a clay disc (blind printing!